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Setup and Features
Router Bits
Routing System Safety
Special Cautions on Materials & Techniques
Routing System Operations
Decorative Surface Cuts
Building Fixtures
Repairing Furniture & Veneers
Using Drill Press Vise to Hold Workpiece
Under Table Operations

Shopsmith Ovararm Pin Router
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Decorative Surface Cuts

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Figure 22-11. Decorative surface cuts like these are made with the routing system.

Decorative surface cuts are best described as grooves or patterns formed on the surfaces of workpieces. Some examples might be "carved" house number signs, fancy kitchen trivets and accent cuts on cabinet doors (Figure 22-11).

Usually, decorative cuts are made with unpiloted roundnose, core box, veining or straight bits. As a result, you will need some way to guide your workpiece through the cuts. If your designs are straight and parallel with the edges of the workpiece, use the two-piece routing system fence. If they're angled across the surface like those on the trivet shown in Figure 22-11, you will have to use a scrap piece of stock as a guiding fixture to "carry" your workpiece through the cuts. Simply attach your workpiece to this piece of stock with double-stick tape or nails. Then, guide this fixture (with your workpiece attached) against the fence to make your cuts (Figure 22-12). Warning: If you use nails to attach your stock to the guiding fixture, be sure they are not in the path of the bit.

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Figure 22-12. To make straight, diagonal cuts across the surfaces of projects, attach your workpiece to a fixture at an angle and guide it against the fence.

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Figure 22-13. Un-piloted bits ilke this ogee bit can be used to shape both sides of the groove when making raised panel-looking doors.

You can also use unpiloted edging bits such as an ogee or corner rounding bit to form fancy grooves in workpiece surfaces with shaped cuts on both the left and right of the bit (Figure 22-13). This technique can be used quite effectively to produce raised panel-looking cabinet doors from a solid piece of stock.

If you're cutting grooves on the surfaces of round workpieces, you can use V-shaped fence faces (Figure 22-14) to guide the stock or use the pivoting pin technique described earlier under "Full Edge Removal".

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Figure 22-14. (A) V-shaped fence faces can be attached to the routing system fence and used to control your cuts when using unpiloted bits to rout round workpieces. (B) Construction details of V-shaped fence faces. Click on images for larger view.

When making free-hand decorative cuts on irregular-shaped workpieces, it's important that you take multiple light passes to avoid grabbing and provide improved control.

The most accurate method of forming irregular-shaped decora-tive cuts is with a guiding fixture. Specific information about making and using fixtures can be found later in this article.

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